China emerges as key player in victory over Tamil Tigers

  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 255.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 260.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 261.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 255.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 260.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be passed by reference in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/date/date/date.theme on line 261.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/views.module on line 843.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_display::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_display.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_display_page::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_display_page.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_display_block::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin_display::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_display_block.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_field_broken::ui_name() should be compatible with views_handler::ui_name($short = false) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_field.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_argument_broken::ui_name() should be compatible with views_handler::ui_name($short = false) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_sort_broken::ui_name() should be compatible with views_handler::ui_name($short = false) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_sort.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_broken::ui_name() should be compatible with views_handler::ui_name($short = false) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_node_status::operator_form() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::operator_form(&$form, &$form_state) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/modules/node/views_handler_filter_node_status.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/views.module on line 843.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_style_default::options() should be compatible with views_object::options() in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_style_default.inc on line 0.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home1/unboweda/public_html/profiles/prosepoint/modules/views/views.module on line 843.
David Blair
Wednesday, May 20th, 2009
Mahinda Rajapaksa and Hu Jintao

Presidents Mahinda Rajapaksa and Hu Jintao inspect an honour guard at China's Great Hall of the People. Getty Images.

THE pitiless success of Sri Lanka's military offensive delivers one salutary lesson: if you have China as an ally, you can afford to ignore pressure from anywhere else.

President Mahinda Rajapaksa's Government has won China's financial, military and diplomatic support - along with the confidence to brush off Western protests.

In the closing stages of the assault on the Tamil Tigers, the army surrounded about 50,000 civilians inside a tiny enclave. Other governments would have found it difficult to resist outside calls for a ceasefire, at least to allow the evacuation of wounded innocents. If the United Nations Security Council had thrown its weight behind these demands, they would have become still harder to ignore.

But Mr Rajapaksa dismissed calls for restraint. His only gesture to outside opinion was a promise to refrain from turning heavy artillery on those thousands of people trapped. Evidence gathered by Human Rights Watch, including satellite imagery and eyewitness accounts, suggests this pledge was broken.

Less fortunate governments would have paid a diplomatic price for this behaviour. But China has shielded Sri Lanka, notably by keeping the crisis off the agenda at the UN. Until last Wednesday, Beijing managed to prevent the Security Council from even discussing the situation. When a debate was conceded, Chinese objections ensured there was no resolution and the council merely released a statement of concern.

As well as diplomatic cover, China gave Sri Lanka $1.3 billion of aid last year. The air force was given six F7 jet fighters as a gift, and the army received $50 million of Chinese ordnance in 2007.

What has Sri Lanka given in return? The answer is that China has acquired a strategic ally near the crucial Indian Ocean shipping lanes along which energy supplies from the Middle East are carried. Beijing is now building a port on Sri Lanka's southern coast that could serve as a naval base.

Mr Rajapaksa has used this alliance to ward off international pressure. Whether his military victory will be equally successful in calming Sri Lanka's domestic turmoil is more doubtful.

Hardly any revolts by an ethnic minority have been settled by force alone. The army's success cannot change the fact that 9 per cent of Sri Lanka's 21 million people are Tamils. Until a political agreement reconciles them to the state, the tensions may abate but they will not disappear.

See Original
© Copyright of Telegraph Media Group Limited 2009